Roofs really go through a lot. There is never any point in time where they’re protected from the elements. After years of being exposed to things like drastic temperature changes, ice, snow, hail, tree limbs, and high winds, even the most well-made roof can sustain some damage. This is why routinely inspecting your roof for signs of damage is one of the most important things you can do to keep your home in good shape. If signs of roof damage go unnoticed and unrepaired, it can lead to very costly water damage. Well-made roofs can last for as long as 20-25 years, but that can ultimately vary. Here are the signs you need to watch out for so you can keep your roof in good shape for as long as possible.
A great way to start your inspection is by taking a look at the condition of your shingles. To do this, you’ll either need to get a ladder so you can get a closer look or get a good pair of binoculars. Missing shingles are definitely something you’ll want to address right away since it means the underlying structure of your roof is being exposed to the elements. A few missing shingles can also pose a risk to your remaining shingles since they aren’t as well protected anymore.
Be sure to look for other types of shingle damage like cracks, tears, and curled edges. Cracked and curled shingles are very strong indicators of roof damage. Depending on the extent of the damage, you may be able to just repair part of your roof or you may need to have the whole roof replaced.
Bald shingles are also a bad sign. If you look at your roof’s shingles and see spots where the granules have worn off or see a lot of granules in your gutters or on the ground around your home, it’s a sign your roof needs attention. The granules on roofing shingles help protect them from sun damage, so if those have worn off, your shingles are much more susceptible to damage caused by the sun.
While you’re outside, take a look at the condition of your home’s fascia, which is the board that runs underneath your roofline and supports your gutters. Since the fascia helps shield the roof from water damage, signs of damage here mean your roof is at risk for even greater damage. Look for things like cracks and discoloration.
In some cases, signs of roofing damage can be seen from inside your home, too. Things like dark spots on ceilings or peeling paint on walls can all indicate there may be a leak in the roof. If you have an attic, take a look in there for signs of water damage.
Ideally, you should be inspecting your roof for signs of damage twice a year. If you’ve recently been through something like a severe storm or a stretch of exceptionally harsh weather, it’s always a good idea to inspect your roof again to make sure it hasn’t been damaged.